Knowing AC Parts And How Air Conditioning Works

Surviving in Indian summer without an AC is a difficult task. With the rising temperature, this one appliance is necessary for our homes now. We all know that it maintains the temperature of the room or a specific area depending on the capacity, but how? Most of us use AC either at home or work, but how many of you know how AC works or what are the AC parts or functions? You might say, what is the need to know these technical things. If you know your appliances well, using them properly increases. Hence, the longevity and performance get better.

Let’s discuss the major components of an AC and how those air conditioners components work:


The compressor is one of the main components of the AC. You can call it the heart of your air conditioner. The compressor converts gas to liquid. It converts a low-pressure gaseous refrigerant into a high-pressure, high-temperature gas from the evaporator. As a result of this procedure, the air conditioner can cool the warm air and maintain the temperature of your room. You might have noticed a 5 or 10 years warranty written on the AC; most of the time, this warranty is on the compressor.

Condenser coil

The condenser coil is connected to a fan. This fan cools the gas as it enters under high pressure, transforming it into liquid form, as previously stated. The condenser coil is one of the most important air conditioning system components, and it is located outside of the AC unit.


The liquid that exits the condenser coil passes through tiny pipes to the evaporator. The evaporator has extremely low pressure inside. This converts the liquid to a gaseous form. Once the gas cools down, it moves on to the next stage of the air conditioner.

Blowing unit and air handler

These two devices work together to pull heated air into the air conditioning unit and return cool air to the room in a cycle. The blowing unit and air handler are in charge of distributing cold air evenly across the space.


The thermostat assists the air conditioning system in maintaining the appropriate temperature. These various air conditioning parts will not function appropriately unless the AC is at the proper temperature inside. If your air conditioner isn’t cooling your home, it’s most likely due to a faulty thermostat. The thermostat is critical in controlling the temperature of the air conditioner.

Drain pipes

The drain pipes collect the water droplets that condensate when hot air cools down. The drain pipes transport the water droplets from the AC. Water will begin to leak from the air conditioning unit if the drain pipes fail or remain clogged.


This is one of the AC indoor unit parts. Every air conditioner includes a filter. The AC filter prevents dust and dirt from entering the main unit of the air conditioner. As a result, AC filters are integral components of an air conditioning system.

Knowing various parts of your AC helps you to maintain the air conditioner better. Some parts are easy to maintain and repair, like cleaning the filter or changing drain pipes. You can easily do it on your own if required. However, if you face any other issues, like AC not cooling properly, it is better to get it checked by a professional only. It is also recommended to get your AC servicing done on a regular basis. Here are a few things to keep in mind to maintain and use your AC in its the best condition:

  • Get your AC installed by professionals only
  • Do not delay in repairing if any issue occurs
  • Avoid delay in scheduled maintenance
  • Clean the air filters on a regular basis
  • Keep the cooling unit clean

An air conditioner is a machine that relies on all of its parts to function properly. The compressor is dependent on the condenser coil, which is dependent on the evaporator, and so on. As a result, all the components of the air conditioner should be in good working order at all times. MyGate offers AC repair service, which can be booked online by downloading the MyGate app or calling us directly.

About MyGate

MyGate is India’s largest apartment management app, benefiting thousands of housing societies, developers, society facility managers, and millions of homeowners in every Indian city.


MyGate is building technology to simplify check-ins everywhere. Our flagship solution, launched in 2016, currently facilitates over 2 million check-in requests every day at thousands of gated premises across the 25+ cities in which we operate, and continues to show rapid growth. We’ve strengthened our commitment to information privacy by following GDPR guidelines, the global gold standard for data privacy.

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